Glossary


ADHD, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

 

A behavioral condition that makes focusing on everyday requests and routines challenging.  People with ADHD typically have trouble getting organized, staying focused, making realistic plans and thinking before acting. They may be fidgety, noisy and unable to adapt to changing situations.

Children with ADHD can be defiant, socially inept or aggressive. Families considering treatment options should consult a qualified mental health professional for a complete review of their child's behavioral issues and a treatment plan.

 Ref: Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology

Asperger’s Syndrome

 

Now encompassed by the more global diagnosis of Austism Spectrum Disorder, (ASD), Asperger’s Syndrome refers to a developmental disorder that makes it very hard to interact with other people. 

Children with Asperger’s may find it hard to make friends due to being socially awkward. Asperger’s syndrome is a lifelong condition, but symptoms tend to improve over time. Adults with this condition can learn to understand their own strengths and weaknesses, and they can improve their social skills.

 Ref: Webmd

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

 

Usually appearing within the first three years of life, ASD involves impairments in social interaction — such as being aware of other people’s feelings — and verbal and nonverbal communication. Some people with ASD have limited interests, strange eating or sleeping behaviors or a tendency to do things to hurt themselves, such as banging their heads or biting their hands.

Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology


As a parent, you never want to believe that your precious child may have a problem. But when it comes to autism, catching it early can make a huge difference. The younger your child is at diagnosis, the greater the impact treatment can have on the symptoms of autism and other developmental problems. It’s vital for parents to recognize the warning signs in their babies and toddlers.

There are also many things parents can do to help children with autism overcome their challenges, make daily life easier, and have a successful future. By learning all you can about different autism spectrum disorders, and the latest treatment methods available, you’ll be able to make a big difference in your child’s life.

 Ref: http://www.helpguide.org/topics/autism.htm

Bipolar disorder

 

A serious mental illness in which common emotions become intensely and often unpredictably magnified. Individuals with Bipolar Disorder can quickly swing from extremes of happiness, energy, and clarity to sadness, fatigue, and confusion. These shifts can be so devastating that individuals may choose suicide. All people with Bipolar Disorder have manic episodes — abnormally elevated or irritable moods that last at least a week, and impair functioning.

 Ref: Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology

Conduct disorder

 

This disorder can occur in children and in teens, and goes beyond normal behavior problems; it is long-lasting and is disruptive and possibly dangerous. Symptoms include aggressive, destructive behavior, violation of rules, and deceit. Causes may include genetics, brain defects or injuries, an abusive environment, and others. Treatments range from therapy to medications.

 Ref: Webmd

Intelligence

 

Intelligence refers to intellectual functioning. Intelligence Quotients, or IQ scores, compare your performance with other people your age who take the same test. However, these tests don’t measure all kinds of intelligence. For example, such tests can’t identify differences in social intelligence, the expertise people bring to their interactions with others. There are also generational differences in the population as a whole. Better nutrition, more educational opportunities, and other factors have resulted in IQ improvements for each generation.

 Ref: Adapted from the Encyclopedia of Psychology

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

 

Even the best-behaved children can be difficult and challenging at times. But if your child or teen has a persistent pattern of tantrums, arguing, and angry or disruptive behavior toward you and other authority figures, he or she may have oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). As a parent, you don't have to go it alone in trying to manage a child with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Doctors, counselors, and child development experts can help. Treatment of ODD involves therapy, training to help build positive family interactions, and possibly medication to treat a related mental health condition.

 Ref: By Mayo Clinic staff

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop following a traumatic event that threatens your safety or makes you feel helpless.
Most people associate PTSD with battle-scarred soldiers—and military combat is the most common cause in men—but any overwhelming life experience can trigger PTSD, especially if the event feels unpredictable and uncontrollable.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can affect those who personally experience the catastrophe, those who witness it, and those who pick up the pieces afterwards, including emergency workers and law enforcement officers. It can even occur in the friends or family members of those who went through the actual trauma.
PTSD develops differently from person to person. While the symptoms of PTSD most commonly develop in the hours or days following the traumatic event, it can sometimes take weeks, months, or even years before they appear.

 Ref: www.helpguide.org